The Bible teaches that The Holy Spirit is God in His nature:
A. The Holy Spirit is interchangeable with God:
1. Acts 5:3-4 "You have lied unto the Holy Spirit ... you have lied to God"
2. Mt 12:28; Lk 11:20 "If I cast out demons by the Spirit of God ... finger of God"
3. 2 Cor. 3:17-18 "The Lord is the Spirit"
4. 1 Cor 6:19 we are the temple of the Holy Spirit and 2 Cor 6:16 we are the temple of the loving God
B. The Holy Spirit shares Qualities that only God possesses:
1. Eternal like the Father: Heb 9:14
2. Omnipresent like the Father: Ps 139:7
3. Omniscient like the Father: 1 Cor 2:10-11
C. The Holy Spirit is divine in power:
1. To create: Ps 104:30 "Thou send forth thy Spirit, they were CREATED."
2.To work miracles: 1 Cor 12:11
3. To inspire prophets: 2 Pe 1:21 "men MOVED by the HOLY SPIRIT spoke from God"
D. The Holy Spirit is divine in character:
1. Heb 9:14 "Who through" the ETERNAL Spirit"
2. Neh 9:20 "Thy GOOD Spirit"
3. He is omnipresent: Ps 139:710 "Where can I flee from thy Spirit"
4. He is all knowing: 1 Cor 2:11 "The Spirit searches the mind of God"
E. The Holy Spirit speaks in the first person in the New Testament what Jehovah spoke in the first person in the Old Testament. Like Jesus, the Holy Spirit is Jehovah, although not the same person as the Father or the Son.
1. Heb 10:15-17 (Jer. 31:33-34) And the Holy Spirit also bears witness to us; for after saying, 16 "This is the covenant that I will make with them After those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws upon their heart, And upon their mind I will write them," He then says, 17 "And their sins and their lawless deeds I will remember no more." Cautionary note: We recognize there is a partially valid counter argument Anti-Trinitarians could make against our point here in Heb 10:15-17. Rom 10:19, "Moses says, 'I [Jehovah] will make you jealous '" and Rom 10:20, "And Isaiah is very bold and says, "I [Jehovah] was found by those who sought Me not'" We feel the answer is that Moses and Isaiah are both persons who did actually write the texts. The same must also be true for the Holy Spirit that He is also a person. But even admitting this, the Anti-Trinitarian counter argument does not prevent out interpretation that the Holy Spirit is Jehovah in Heb 10:15-17, just that we cannot be certain either way. Both interpretations are possible. However, although this pattern of bearing witness by quoting Old Testament scripture may not definitively prove the Holy Spirit is Jehovah, it does prove He is a person!
2. Heb 3:7-11 (Ps. 95:7-11)Therefore, just as the Holy Spirit says, "Today if you hear His voice, 8 Do not harden your hearts as when they provoked Me, As in the day of trial in the wilderness, 9 Where your fathers tried Me by testing Me, And saw My works for forty years. 10 "Therefore I was angry with this generation, And said, 'They always go astray in their heart; And they did not know My ways'; 11 As I swore in My wrath, 'They shall not enter My rest. Cautionary note: same as Heb 10:15-17.
3. Isa. 6:8-10 + Acts 28:25-27 Acts 28 shows the Holy Spirit who actually spoke: "The Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers, 26 saying, 'go to this people and say, "you will keep on hearing, but will not understand"".
4. The Holy Spirit is called "Jehovah". (Ex 17:7; Heb 3:7-9; Num 12:6; 2 Pet 1:21)
5. The Holy Spirit is called is invoked as "Jehovah". (Lk 2:26-29; Acts 4:23-25; 1:16,20; 2 Th 3:5)
6. The Holy Spirit is called "Jehovah of hosts". (Isa 6:3,8-10; Acts 28:25)
7. The Holy Spirit is called "Jehovah, Most High". (Ps 78:17,21; Acts 7:51)
Objections against the Deity of the Holy Spirit:
Acts 5:3,4: “you lied to the Holy Spirit....you lied to God”
This type of reasoning is painfully ridiculous at best! Ananias actually lied directly to the Apostles! So this type of "reasoning" applies even more strongly to the Apostles than it does to the Holy Spirit! By using this "evidence" we could say with equal credibility that Peter is saying the Apostles are God when he says "you have not lied to men but to God"!
We can also see a similar usage in the rest of Acts 5:3, 4. In 5:3 we see that Satan filled Ananias' heart to lie. But in 5:4 we find that Ananias himself conceived this thing in his heart. So this trinitarian-type evidence "reveals" another essential "mystery": Satan is Ananias! Also analyze 1 Thess. 4:2, 6, 8; 1 Cor. 8:12; and James 4:11.
In Mark 9:27 "Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me [so trinitarian-type 'evidence' proves this child is Jesus!]; and whoever receives me, receives not me but him who sent me." - RSV. So receiving the child is actually receiving the Son and the Father! The child, then, "must" be God Himself (by trinitarian standards of evidence)!
since the holy spirit (this impersonal power/force/direction) comes directly (and perfectly) from God himself, then, no matter what one does against that holy spirit, it is always equivalent to doing that very thing against God himself. For example, if I spit in disgust on the letter (the impersonal thing providing direction to me) from the king, it will always be understood as equivalent to my spitting on the king himself. If, on the other hand, I spit on a messenger from the king, it might not be considered such a serious offense if I were merely expressing a dislike for the person of the messenger himself, not his message from the king.
The Argument that the apostles must be God in response to substituting the Holy Spirit with God, is simply not found in the text. V3,4 “But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back some of the price of the land? 4 While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not under your control? Why is it that you have conceived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God.” Peter is saying that he wasn’t even lied to. The one person that was done wrong against is the Holy Spirit...nothing here makes any one think that the apostles are God.
Comparing the Holy Spirit/ God alteration in this story to Ananias/Satan isn’t fair. Although Ananias was the one who physically lied, yet Satan was the cause for the lie when he filled his heart. While replaced “God” for the “Holy Spirit” in “you lied to the Holy Spirit....you lied to God” is not cause/effect relationship.
Comparing Acts 5:3-4 to Mark 7:27 and the analogy of spitting on the King’s letter is biased and unfair to the text of Acts 5. Obviously, in Mark 7 the children represent Christ who in turn represent the Father. But let us examine Acts 5.
In V 3 Peter told Ananias “you lied to the Holy Spirit”
And in v 9 Peter told Sapphira “Why is it that you have agreed together to put the Spirit of the Lord to the test?”
Now there is figure of speech that can explain how can anyone lie to or put to test and examine the response of an impersonal power. If a JW believe that “lie to electricity/power” can make a good figure of speech, then please contact me I have a nice bridge to sell you overseas.
Peter was simply showing Ananias and Sapphira the magnitude of their sin. They lied to and tempted the person of the Holy Spirit and in doing so they didn’t sin against what is man but against what is God.
For footnotes, refrences, and recourses for this article, Please download the PDF file