Why a Christian should give. Believers are to give because they have themselves richly received (Matt 10:8). In addition, they are to give on the ground of having first given themselves and all they possess to God (2 Cor 8:5).
Who should give. Under grace, every believer is privileged to participate in the gracious ministry of giving, and is urged to use the privilege to his own blessing (1 Cor 16:2, 2 Cor 9:7).
How much to give. No specified amount or proportion is ever levied upon those who live by grace. God asks only that the believer take some cognition of His abundant blessing and give as God has prospered him (1 Cor 16:2). Whatever the amount is, it is to be a pre-determined sum, that is, whatever is “purposed in the heart” (2 Cor 9:7).
How to give. More is said of this than of any other factor, since the motive in giving is all-important under grace. Believers are to give with a willing mind (2 Cor 8:12), cheerfully (2 Cor 9:7), bountifully (2 Cor 9:6), aboundingly (2 Cor 8:7), and freely (Matt 10:8).
When to give. Though the act of giving itself may not always be done on Sunday, yet believers are exhorted to lay by a determined amount “in store” each Lord’s Day, that they may have a fund from which to distribute their charities (1 Cor 16:2).
To whom to give. The scriptural list of those who may be considered proper objects of charity need not be regarded as exhaustive. It may be taken as suggesting in general terms the more usual recipients of Christian gifts. These include needy saints (Rom 12:13, 2 Cor 9:12), the sick and aged (Acts 20:35), elders in the church—which term would include the present-day pastor (1 Tim 5:17), Bible teachers (Gal 6:6–10), widows (Acts 6:1, 1 Tim 5:16), strangers (Rom 12:13, 1 Pet 4:9), poor relations (1 Tim 5:8–16), and missionaries (3 John 5–7).
This teaching is copied from